Nowadays eczema is as common as acne. According to states, it is estimated that between 40 million and 50 million individuals in the United States have active acne and 4.4% of adults and up to 18.6% of children/adolescents are affected by eczema. Although it’s a very common skin condition, there are still a lot of things that we don’t know. Eczema is actually a very vast term therefore to many people, "eczema" and "dermatitis" means the same thing. But both are totally different things that we are going to explain in this article.
What Is Eczema?
Eczema is a condition where the skin gets irritated and appears red, dry, bumpy, and itchy.
Symptoms of Eczema
Who gets eczema?
Infants younger than 1-year-old
Old kids and teens.
Where do you get eczema?
What Causes Eczema?
According to doctors, many skin allergies are a result of a person's immune system.
How is eczema treated?
There is no fixed cure for eczema but there are some recommended treatments by doctors.
If you have eczema then you should moisturise your skin more often at least two or three times a day. The best time to apply moisturiser is after a shower, with the skin patted dry gently. Use body lotions because they have more water in them.
Topical corticosteroids are also known as cortisone or steroid creams. They ease skin inflammation. But one thing which is very important is that no one should use any topical steroid prescribed for someone else because these types of creams and ointments vary in strength, and using the wrong strength in sensitive areas can damage the skin, especially in infants.
Topical anti-inflammatory medicines:
These include medicines that change the way the skin's immune system reacts.
Medicine taken by mouth:
These are anti-allergy medicine that help itchy kids sleep better at night, antibiotics if a rash gets infected by bacteria, and corticosteroid pills or other medicines that suppress the immune system.
Other popular treatments are:
When should I call a doctor?
In case of:
Redness or warmth
What is dermatitis?
Dermatitis refers to a group of itchy inflammatory conditions characterised by epidermal changes.
Symptoms of dermatitis
Rash or swollen skin
Flaking skin (dandruff)
Bumps in hair follicles
Who gets dermatitis?
Older age groups
Where do you get dermatitis?
How is dermatitis treated?Tropical therapies:
- Use emollients instead of soap after bathing or showering.
- Use Potassium permanganate agents which are very useful in drying up weepy exudative or blistering acute eczema.
- Use paste bandages that help penetrate the skin, soothe, and reduce skin trauma.
- Use topical steroids as they are best for dry skin.
Eczema refers to a group of conditions that cause inflamed skin. There are many types of eczema. Atopic dermatitis is the most common type.
Each form of eczema has its own set of triggers and treatment requirements, which is why it’s so important to consult with a healthcare professional who specialises in treating eczema. Dermatologists can help identify which type or types of eczema you may have and how to treat and prevent flare-ups. Typically, a dermatologist will do a patch test to discover whether it’s eczema or something else and then create a customised treatment plan. A dermatologist can also identify the cause of your eczema, whether it’s due to family history, environmental factors, or a mix of both.
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