Moisturiser is an essential skin care product no matter whether you follow a vegan, korean or just a basic skincare. According to dermatologists it is recommended to apply moisturiser twice a day to keep the skin hydrated, moisturised, healthy and fresh.
But one thing that everyone needs to understand is that not all moisturisers are ideal for every type of skin. Therefore, when it comes to choosing the moisturiser it is important to pay attention to the formulation and ingredients to see if they are good for your skin type or not.
But the question here is how do you know which is the best moisturiser for your skin type?
What is moisturiser?
A moisturiser is a hydrating face cream that is being applied on the face and neck as the last skincare step to prevent skin dryness.
Types of Moisturisers
There are three main types of moisturisers for different skin types:
Emollients are oil and lipid ingredients like ceramides, collagen, cocoa butter, lanolin, mineral oil, shea butter, and jojoba oil. These ingredients help improve the texture and appearance of the skin by filling its pores to make it look smoother.
Humectants are ingredients like hyaluronic acid, lactic acid, glycerin, alpha hydroxy acids (AHA), and urea. These ingredients hydrate the skin by drawing moisture from the air to the outer layers of the skin, the epidermis, and replenishing the skin.
Occlusives are oil ingredients like beeswax that give a skin protective layer to prevent moisture loss.
How to choose moisturiser for your skin type?
For different skin types there are different types of moisturisers, which come in different textures and thicknesses.
Water-based, oil-free gel like moisturiser, is the best moisturiser for oily skin because it contains no oil in it. Gel based moisturisers are mostly humectants-based. These non-greasy, lightweight moisturisers are good for acne-prone skin.
2. Dry skin
A cream is the best moisturiser for dryness because its thick and heavy on the skin and will take longer to dry. A moisturising cream contains both oil and water ingredients, humectants to draw in moisture and oil ingredients to retain moisture.
This skin type can use any type of moisturiser.
4. Combination skin
For those with combination skin, choose a moisturiser that contains glycerin and hyaluronic acid. These two ingredients will hydrate your skin while minimising oil production and shine.
People with sensitive skin should look for fragrance-free moisturisers that are free from parabens and irritants.
How to use a moisturiser?
Once you have picked up a moisturiser designed for your skin type, here's a basic routine you need to follow:
1. Do a patch test
Test any skin care product before applying it on your face to make sure it doesn't cause an allergic reaction, redness or breakouts.
2. Wash gently
Depending on your skin type, you should wash your face once or at least twice a day. Use a gentle cleanser and warm water to wash your face.
3. Apply moisturiser to damp skin
Don't dry your skin completely after washing. Pat your face gently and then apply your moisturiser while your skin is still damp. This will help your skin absorb the product and lock in extra moisture. However, if you have already dried your face, you can use a toner or a face mist before applying a moisturiser.
4. Wear SPF
Don't forget to apply your broad-spectrum sunscreen after you moisturise your skin in the morning! Reapply moisturiser and your sunscreen as needed.
Every skin type has its unique needs. So, no moisturiser is a one all solution. The best face moisturiser for sensitive skin might not be good for dry skin and similarly different from the best moisturiser for acne-prone skin.
Therefore, understanding your skin type and the ingredients that minimises issues can help you look and feel your best. If you notice constant breakouts or rashes, stop using a product and seek a dermatologist's help.